The School of Medicine and Surgery, founded in 1834, and Armstrong College, founded in 1871, are Newcastle University’s forerunners. In 1937, these two institutions merged to become King’s College, which was part of the federal University of Durham. The Durham Colleges were the federal university’s other section. Newcastle University is renowned across the world at the time as a powerhouse of industrial activity, with a strong civic university serving as its intellectual basis. The federal university was abolished in 1963, and King’s College became the modern-day Newcastle University upon Tyne, England, UK. The university is a member of the Russell Group of the UK’s research-intensive universities. It is ranked in the top 200 of most world rankings, and in the top 25 of most UK rankings. It is ranked 134th by QS, 78th by Leiden, #156 BY U.S. News and 146th by Times Higher Education globally in 2022, while nationally, it is ranked 42nd by the Times/Sunday Times Good University Guide, 37th by the Complete University Guide and 55th by the Guardian for 2022.